BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

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An advanced sea-to-sea variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully test-fired from the indigenous stealth-guided missile destroyer Indian Naval Ship (INS) Visakhapatnam.

  • INS Visakhapatnam is the first of four ingeniously designed and built Project-15B class stealth-guided missile destroyers, which was commissioned in November last year(2021).
  • In December 2021, the air version of supersonic cruise missile ‘BrahMos’ was successfully test-fired from the supersonic fighter jet Sukhoi 30 MK-I from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur in Odisha.
  • The missile launched from Sukhoi 30 MK-I followed the pre-planned trajectory, meeting all targeted objectives.

Major milestone in BrahMos development

  • The launch of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile is a major achievement in the BrahMos development as the development has cleared the system for the serial production of air-version BrahMos missiles within India.
  • Major airframe assemblies which comprise an integral part of the Ramjet Engine are indigenously developed by Indian Industry. These integral parts include metallic and non-metallic air frame sections consisting Ramjet fuel tank and pneumatic fuel supply system.
  •  During the test, the structural integrity and functional performance have been proven.

BrahMos Supersonic Cruise Missile

  • An amalgamation of the names of Brahmaputra river and Moskva rivers, BrahMos missiles are designed, developed, and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture company set up by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Mashinostroyenia of Russia.
  • Multiple versions of the supersonic cruise missile, including those which can be fired from land, warships, submarines, and Sukhoi-30 fighter jets have already been developed and successfully tested earlier. 
  • The ship-launched version of BrahMos and land-based system are in service of the Indian Navy and the Indian Army since 2005 and 2007 respectively.
  • The air-launched version Brahmos was successfully flight-tested for the first time from the IAF frontline fighter aircraft Sukhoi-30MKI against a sea-based target in the Bay of Bengal in November 22, 2017.
  • The BrahMos is a medium-range supersonic missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, or land-based platforms. It is considered to be the fastest supersonic missile in the world that can achieve a speed 2.8 times the speed of sound.
  • The land-attack version of BrahMos has the capability of cruising at 2.8 Mach speed and with the upgraded capability, the missile can hit targets at a range of upto 400 kilometers with precision. Advanced versions of the range above 1,000 kilometers and speed upto 5 Mach are said to be under development.

Source : PBNS

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