Disturbed Area Under AFSPA

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  • The entire state of Nagaland has been declared a disturbed area for six more months. 
  • The Home Ministry in a notification said, the Central government is of the opinion that the area comprising the whole of Nagaland is in such a disturbed and dangerous condition that the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power is necessary.
  • The powers are conferred by Section 3 of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958.

Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)

  • Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) is a Parliamentary act that grants special powers to the Indian Armed Forces and the state and paramilitary forces in areas classified as “disturbed areas”. 
  • The objective to implement the AFSPA Act is to maintain law and order in the disturbed areas. 
  • It gives powers to the army, state and central police forces to shoot to kill, search houses and destroy any property that is “likely” to be used by insurgents in areas declared as “disturbed” by the home ministry.
  • AFSPA is invoked when a case of militancy or insurgency takes place and the territorial integrity of India is at risk.
  • Security forces can “arrest a person without warrant”, who has committed or even “about to commit a cognizable offence” even based on “reasonable suspicion”.
  • It also provides security forces with legal immunity for their actions in disturbed areas.


Source : newsonair

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