Mount Harriet To Be Named As Mount Manipur

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The Union government rechristened Mount Harriet, a historical tourist spot in the Andaman and Nicobar islands, as ‘Mount Manipur’. 

  • The announcement was made during Union Home Minister Amit Shah’s visit to Port Blair, where he referred to the “significant contribution” the Northeastern state had made in resisting the British, especially during the historic 1891 Anglo-Manipur war. 

Manipur’s connection to Mount Harriet

  • After the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891, several Manipuris who had fought the British in the war, including Maharaja Kulachandra Dhwaja Singh, were exiled to the British penal colony in the Andaman Islands. 
  • Since the cellular jail (Kalapani) was yet to be built, Kulachandra and the prisoners were kept on Mount Harriet, a hillock in what is now the Ferragunj tehsil of South Andaman district.
  • According to a British-era document from the Manipur State Archives, 23 men, including King Kulachandra and his brothers, were “transported for life” to the Andamans. While some died there, Kulachandra was released and shifted elsewhere before his death.
  • The 23 are considered war heroes in Manipur. That is why Mount Harriet is an important symbol of the Anglo-Manipur War of 1891.

Mount Harriet 

  • Mount Harriet is the third highest peak in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and served as the summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during British Raj.
  • It is believed to be named after the wife of the superintendent of the Convict Settlement in Port Blair from 1862 to 1864, who discovered it.
  • Close by is the Mount Harriet National Park known for its wide variety of birds.

Mount Harriet National Park

  • The park is spread over an area of 42.62 sq km and shelters diverse flora and fauna, including birds like Andaman treepie, Sunda teal, Nicobar megapode, Nicobar parakeet, Andaman black woodpecker, black-naped tern etc. 
  • King cobra, green sea and Olive Ridley turtles, Andaman cobra, robber crab, saltwater crocodiles, turtles and wild pigs are also found here.
  • The complete area of the national park is spread over a cluster of hills on the eastern side of South Andaman. 


Source : indianexpress.com

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