Sri Lankan Govt Abolish 19th Amendment To Constitution
Sri Lankan government has granted approval to abolish the 19th amendment to the constitution and replace it with the 20th amendment.
- The amendment brought by previous government had put a two-term limit on Presidency and curtailed the executive powers of President and transferred it to parliament and independent commissions.
- The Rajapaksa camp viewed the 19th Amendment’s clauses as primarily intending to prevent its leaders’ return to power.
19th Constitutional Amendment:
- Introduced in 2015. The legislation envisages the dilution of many powers of Executive Presidency, which had been in force since 1978.
- It involves:
- The reduction in the terms of President and Parliament from six years to five years.
- Re-introduction of a two-term limit that a person can have as President.
- The power of President to dissolve Parliament only after four and a half years.
- The revival of Constitutional Council and the establishment of independent commissions.
- The President remains the head of Cabinet and he can appoint Ministers on the advice of Prime Minister.